It is estimated that nearly five million US citizens are currently affected by glaucoma, a non-reversible eye disease which damages a person’s ability to see. This serious disease develops in several different ways, and can lead to the affected person completely losing their vision if it isn’t treated properly. Keep reading to learn more about what glaucoma is, its symptoms, and how it can be treated.
What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an eye disease that is caused by a buildup of fluid inside the eyes that doesn’t drain properly. This undrained fluid leads to pressure that gradually damages the optic nerve, leading to vision loss. The most common types of glaucoma include:
- Closed-Angle Glaucoma: Is a rapidly developing form of the disease which occurs when the opening between the eye’s iris and cornea is completely blocked. This causes the fluid to be unable to drain, leading to immense pressure inside the eye.
- Open-Angle Glaucoma: This is the most common form of glaucoma which occurs when there is a slight fluid blockage between the eye’s iris and cornea. The fluid gradually builds up, leading to pressure that slowly damages the optic nerve.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
Most people will be unable to notice that they have been affected until the damage has become severe.
The common symptoms of glaucoma include:
- Loss of peripheral vision
- Eye pain
- Difficulty seeing in dim light
- Blurred vision
While the root cause of glaucoma is unknown, this disease has a tendency to affect people who suffer from diabetes, cancerous tumors, past eye injuries, and anyone who has a history of glaucoma in their family.
How is Glaucoma Treated?
The progression of open-angle glaucoma can be completely stopped if it is detected early and is treated with medications and special eye drops. Severe cases such as closed-angle glaucoma may be able to be treated through surgery to reduce the pressure inside the eye.
It is important to have your eyes checked yearly to help catch any negative conditions before they progress. Schedule an appointment at Casa Grande Eye Care today for an examination.